When trying to consume a service hosted inside your network via it’s external IP address, which is also the outside address of your Cisco ASA, your connection will time out.
Given the network diagram above we want to achieve the following:
- openshift-builder (10.8.3.253) needs to pull down code from git server gogs.stevem.io (22.214.171.124) – which according to our diagram has an internal IP of 10.8.1.254
- Outside interface has 126.96.36.199 /28, meaning traffic needs to leave and re-enter via the Outside interface
- We don’t want to use DNS doctoring to achieve this, and don’t want to setup split DNS – we want to be able to use the public DNS record for gogs.stevem.io to achieve this, which resolves to 188.8.131.52
If you tried to get 10.8.3.253 to talk to 184.108.40.206 you’d receive a connection timeout. We need to create a NAT rule for this to work as expected.
Solving this issue is actually quite simple. First, ensure “Enable traffic between two or more hosts connected to the same interface” is checked under Configuration -> Device Setup -> Interfaces.
Second, go to Firewall -> NAT Rules -> Add NAT Rule
Configure as follows:
- Set Source Interface to the interface of the server trying to connect outbound – in our case it’s our WEB network
- Set the Destination Interface as the DMZ network that the external IP gets gets natted to – in our case it’s our DMZ network
- Set the Source Address to the network object representing where the devices trying to connect outbound live – in our case it’s once again our WEB network
- Set the Destination Address to the external IP of the service being consumed – in our case it’s 220.127.116.11 which is where gogs.stevem.io resolves
- Set the Source NAT Type to Dynamic PAT (Hide)
- Set the Source Address to the interface the network where the destination lives – in our case it’s the DMZ interface
- Set the Destination Address to the internal IP of the server you want to ultimately end up – in our case it’s the gogz-dmz-haproxy-vip object which is our Load Balancer (10.8.1.254)
- Enable the rule
- Press OK
Note that this assumes you already have a functioning NAT rule in place for traffic originating from “the internet”. In my case that rule is as follows: